We have compiled the most frequently asked questions about Orthodontics, Plaque and Braces treatment for you.
Orthodontic disorders can occur for several different reasons, some of which are; due to hereditary factors, congenital anomalies, bad habits, faulty functions, gum problems and hospitalization.
Frequently Asked Questions About Pedodontics
Pediatric dentistry, which aims to protect and improve the health of children’s teeth, is called pedodontics. Pedodontists aim to minimize the risk of dental and gum problems that may occur in adulthood by applying preventive and curative treatment options to those in childhood. In this article, you can find answers to the most frequently asked questions about pedodontics.
Although milk teeth are temporary teeth of babies, they are very important due to their contribution to the acquisition of correct chewing and grinding habits and the intake of nutrients that the body needs. Milk teeth, which are of vital importance at the point of speech development, support the jaw growth of babies. They guide and hold the adult teeth that will come later. In this way, crowding problems that may occur in the teeth are prevented and the possibility of needing orthodontic treatment is significantly reduced.
Fissure sealants, which are substances that cover pits and grooves in teeth; It prevents bacteria and food residues from getting stuck in these areas. In this way, these areas of the teeth, which are very suitable for cavities and cavities, are protected from the elements that can cause caries, and the teeth can be brushed more hygienically.
There are fine cavities and pits on the surfaces of the molars. These cavities and pits are difficult to keep clean. Therefore, bacterial plaques and food residues can collect here. Thanks to fissure sealants, a protective layer can be formed on the teeth and the risk of tooth decay can be reduced. Therefore, fissure sealant treatment is very useful. In children, the risk of caries is also very high, especially since the newly erupted teeth have not yet completed their development. Fissure sealants are very important and necessary, especially in these teeth, teeth with deep cavities, hypomineralized teeth, and teeth with high caries risk.
Fissure SealersFissure sealants are a simple and painless preventive treatment that reduces tooth decay. It protects the pitted areas that cause the most caries from caries and ensures that the teeth can be brushed more cleanly as it fills the areas that the brush cannot reach. What is the Benefit of
With the eruption of the first milk tooth, the cleaning and care process of the teeth should begin. If there is no extra risk of caries, it should be brushed with a pasteless brush when the first teeth come out, and with a paste brush suitable for their age when the molars start to appear. With the development of the spit reflex, children’s toothpaste with fluoride suitable for their age can be used.
Conversations that will cause fear of dentists should not be made in children, and children should not be threatened with being taken to the dentist in exchange for a negative behavior. Words that will make them nervous such as pain, needle, tooth extraction should not be used. Physicians who serve in environments where children feel comfortable and who can communicate correctly should be preferred. After the dentist examinations, using expressions such as I am proud of you, which will motivate them, and frequent check-ups are effective in overcoming this fear.
Children should start going to the dentist by their first birthday or when their first teeth are visible. Early meeting with dentists provides a positive experience, but it is also important in terms of early diagnosis of dental health problems and preventing future problems from the very beginning.
The main reasons for the rapid decay of milk teeth are that they contain a large amount of organic matter and that the symptoms such as mild pain and hot-cold sensitivity in the early stages of caries are not understood by the child, and the necessary precautions are not taken in time. Inadequate dental care of children also causes tooth decay. For this reason, routine dental check-ups of children every 4 months should not be neglected.
It is mandatory to extract the incurably infected milk teeth. Since these teeth will be replaced by permanent teeth over time, the space created by the extraction of the primary tooth should be protected by applying spacers. Otherwise, due to insufficient space for permanent teeth, irregularities may occur in the tooth alignment and may lead to the introduction of more time-consuming, more costly treatment processes.
When choosing a toothbrush for children, care should be taken to choose a toothbrush that they can easily hold, direct and fit in their mouths. Silicone bristle brushes do not provide sufficient cleaning. Brushes with soft bristles should be chosen to protect gums and tooth enamel.
Fixed placeholders are appliances used until permanent teeth replace prematurely lost milk teeth. They are made to prevent the teeth from tilting towards the cavity and to make the permanent tooth come out properly. It is the most comfortable type of placeholder to use as it is attached to the tooth and takes up little space.
Placeholders protect the space formed in the place of the extracted tooth in case of premature loss of primary teeth. Thus, the neighboring teeth are prevented from sliding towards the area and the space needed by the permanent tooth to be erupted can be preserved.
Early childhood cavities that occur in infants and young children are called bottle cavities. It usually starts with the upper front teeth and spreads rapidly to all teeth if the necessary precautions are not taken. It can occur when the baby’s teeth are exposed to sugary drinks for a long time and frequently, including breast milk, the baby is placed in a bottle, put to sleep at the breast or the bottle is used as a pacifier. Teeth cleaning should be done regularly after babies are fed.
In most babies, the first tooth begins to erupt at 6 months, although this can happen earlier or later.
Mothers are the main source of transmission of bacteria that cause tooth decay in infants. Since caries bacteria are transmitted through saliva, mothers should not take their children’s spoons, food and glasses into their own mouths.
General Questions and Answers about Dental Health and Treatments
There are many different question marks about the protection of dental health and the treatment of possible dental diseases. It is important to have information about traditional treatments as well as aesthetic dentistry, whose application area has increased in dentistry with smile design treatments that have come to the fore in recent years. In this article, you can find information on important issues from root canal treatment to implant treatment, from aesthetic fillings to prosthetic cleaning.
Root canal treatment may be needed in cases such as spontaneous pain in the teeth, pain that worsens at night and cannot be relieved by painkillers, long-term pain in the teeth triggered by external factors such as cold, heat or contact with the tooth, swelling around the tooth, gums or lymph nodes in the area.
Mild pain and discomfort may occur for a few days following root canal treatment. In this case, pain relievers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen can be used. The cause of pain after root canal treatment is the possibility of swelling and inflammation of the nerves in the nearby ligaments and tissue, despite the removal of the tooth nerve. Trauma and damage to nearby tissue due to the use of sharp dental instruments to clean the root canal can also cause pain.
Chewing should not be done on the treated tooth during the process until the completion of the root canal treatment and the completion of the upper filling of the tooth. It should not be ignored that there is a risk of infection in case of upper filling breakage, deep cracks or fractures in case of a blow to the tooth in the later process.
The construction phase of full denture teeth, together with the measurement and rehearsal processes, is usually completed in 3 sessions, in other words within 1 week.
Regular and correct maintenance should be done in order for the dentures to be clean, spotless and have a good appearance. Prostheses should be cleaned daily in order to have a long life and good oral and dental health. Otherwise, bacterial plaque and bad breath may occur. Conditions such as gum diseases and deformation of the prosthesis may be encountered. Prosthetic teeth should be brushed with special toothpastes with low abrasive properties and using a soft toothbrush. Hard-to-reach parts should be cleaned using an interface brush. Prosthetic teeth can also be cleaned by dropping them into a glass of water with a special cleaning tablet. At this time, care should be taken to use warm water.
Facial muscles adapt over time to the changing position of the tongue, lips and cheeks, along with changes in bite with the use of prosthesis. After getting used to the prosthesis completely, the patient can eat almost anything comfortably, but there may be difficulty in consuming hard or sticky foods.
Although the average life of dental prostheses is 4-5 years, correct use and care can extend their lifespan.
One of the potential side effects of teeth whitening is temporary tooth sensitivity. In addition to sensitivity to heat and cold, teeth whitening gel may irritate the teeth. Like the sensitivity of the teeth, the possible irritation of the gums is also temporary. There is no permanent damage due to teeth whitening in any way.
– In irreversible discoloration with teeth whitening,
– In teeth with bad structure and shape,
– In the treatment of diastema,
– Restoration of broken or worn teeth,
– In the replacement of old fillings whose color or structure has deteriorated,
– Porcelain dental laminates can be applied as an alternative cosmetic treatment for the correction of crooked teeth.
Clenching and grinding of teeth can damage porcelain laminates. In this case, the coatings may loosen and fall off. Consuming hard or sticky foods constantly can also cause loosening and falling. Porcelain lamina teeth may also fall out in case of a hard blow to the face, cavities on the teeth, improper preparation of porcelain laminates for teeth and not using the correct bonding technique.
The focus of aesthetic dentistry is to make dental treatments both visually and functionally satisfying. For this reason, the main purpose is to ensure that the fillings are like natural teeth in shape and color and that the filling is indistinguishable from the natural tooth. For this reason, aesthetic filling applications are frequently applied. Aesthetic filling applications can be applied both when a single filling application is required and in aesthetic smile design treatment processes.
The content is strengthened by using extremely durable composite material in aesthetic fillings. Therefore, they are long-lasting and do not cause any problems with durability. As long as correct and regular oral care is performed, aesthetic fillings can be used.
Implant treatment can be applied to people over the age of 18 who have one or more missing teeth, who do not prefer dentures, bridges or crowns, whose jaw structure is suitable for implant treatment and whose gums are healthy, whose jaw development has been completed.
The condition of completion of bone development is sought in the person to whom implant treatment will be applied. This is generally considered to be over 18 years old. Although there is no upper age limit for implant treatment, the evaluation should be made individually for each patient.
Implant application is completed in 3-4 months on average. However, if there are different treatments that need to be applied individually, the time may be extended.